Li Xianghua: Chinese name

2022-04-28 0 By

“Essays and Painting and Calligraphy series” article, painting and calligraphy: Li Xianghua “name” is a person’s surname and first name.In order to distinguish individuals and communicate in a normal and orderly way, human beings give each person a specific name symbol, which is a sign to distinguish individual differences among people through language and text information.Everyone has a name, and names usually mean something.The names of Chinese Han people are expressed and given in Chinese characters, and surname and first name together form Chinese names.After everyone was born, they had their own name, representing themselves.The seemingly simple name is influenced and restricted by many cultural factors such as history, society, nation and habit.In the long history, the names of the Chinese culture, reflects the change of the material life and spiritual life of the Chinese nation development, archaeological data has proved that the Chinese as early as 100 before ten thousand in their ancient land life habitat, but has a history of “name”, but as late as five, six thousand years ago when the matriarchal society to start.At that time, people formed a clan with their mother as the center.Therefore, as The Han Dynasty Xu Shen “Shuo Wen Jie Zi” said, “the surname, people born also……Since most of the oldest Chinese surnames have female characters, such as Ji, Jiang, si, GUI, dread, yun, 婤, from, Lao, etc.When it comes to names, start with “last names”.Chinese “surname” originated in the ancient matriarchal society, fu xi started “is last name, don’t marriage,” the pre-qin period “surname” and “f” is two different concepts, is produced in matriarchal society, for the kin group name, surname is a branch of the family name, said the name of the branch tribe, for the difference between the sons.Because of population growth, migration, changes in identity skills, etc., you can split into a number of tribes.Shi is the representative and title of the aristocratic clan system. Before the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, most men were called Shi.Women are usually given surnames.Take “Confucius” as an example: Zi is the family name, Kong is the family name, and Qiu is the given name.Another example is Qu Yuan, surnamed Mi, Shi Qu, given name Ping, the word yuan.Chinese painting qu Yuan (Li Xianghua) The surname mainly comes from four aspects: one is from the land and the family name, the son of Heaven is the person who gives the family name.The Yellow Emperor created twelve surnames for his twenty-five sons.Later, the Tao Tang family was established in Liudi and its descendants took Liu as their family name.Second, take the place of birth as the surname.The Yellow Emperor was born in Shouqiu and grew in Jishui, so he took Ji as his family name.The third is the title, official for the surname.The younger son of King Zhuang of Chu was a senior official, and his descendants were senior officials.Fourth, because of things or other reasons to get a surname.Due to the development of tribes, the population multiplied.The branches became numerous and the name of the family increased greatly.A family name can be divided into many families, which in turn spawned more families, so the names of family names and families were often not fixed.In fact, the unification of surnames or basic stability, or after the Han Dynasty.Or surname, or shi, or surname and yan.It started actually taking the male surname as the last name.As Gu Yanwu of the Ming Dynasty said in his book Rizhi Lu: “Since the Warring States period, people below the name of Shi, the name of the Yellow Emperor has died.””The surname is called, since tai Shi gong began to mix one.”Again say the ancients name composition “name, character, number” and so on.”Given name” is generally a child born within three months, parents or elders, equivalent to a personal private code;”Character” is generally taken after adulthood or marriage, sometimes it is also a symbol of some status people, the ancients used to call the character, rather than call it by name.”Number” is also another name, nickname, such as our stage name today, pen name and so on all belong to the category of number, number in ancient times is generally used between literati name, number of freedom is relatively large, you can take, can also be given by others, known as Su Dongpo, Zheng Banqiao and so on are more famous.”Dongpo” “Banqiao” are no.Generally speaking, people with numbers are more educated and have social status.For thousands of years, the form and connotation of names have evolved from simple to complex, from loose to normative.In the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, one of the most popular naming methods was to refer to things. When a child was born, adults would name it after whatever they saw.Like Modi, kong carp, Sima cattle and so on.These names may seem arbitrary, but they actually belonged to one of the five principles of naming, namely, “false (borrowed)”.For quite a long time, people thought that “two names are not propriety”.At the end of the Western Han Dynasty, Wang Mang, who advocated restoring ancient ways, strongly advocated single-character names. It was not until the Wei and Jin dynasties that double-character names gradually became popular.Such as the well-known Wang Xizhi.As for the name selection, the Book of Rites says, “When the son was born in March, the father coughed and named it”, “when the child was named, the prefix”.It means that when a baby is three months old, the father scratches the baby’s chin and makes him laugh by naming him.Name has been used to 20 years old, held crown ceremony (adult ceremony) when “crown and add the word”, then the person of the same generation can not call his nickname, have to use the word.In ancient times, the same person often had a number, sometimes more than one number, different occasions, have different address.For example, Qu Yuan, the war state chu people, name ping, Ziyuan, name Ling Jun.A number is also called another name, another word, another number.”Rites of Zhou · Chunguan · Great Wishes” : “It is better to honor its name and call it yan”.Name, word is taken by the zunchang generation, number for self, said from number.There are usually implied meanings.Or by the residence environment from the number: such as Tao Qian, from the number Of Mr. Wu Liu.Li Bai lived in Qinglian township, Sichuan province since childhood, so he was named Qinglian Lay scholar.Su Shi, since the name dongpo Lay.Lu You, turtle Hall.Xin Qiji is called Jiaxuan lay scholar;Or to purport ambition since: Du Fu, since the number shaoling wild old, Ouyang Xiu since the number liu Yi lay.He Zhizhang, self-styled Siming fanatic.Kim Xinnong was called a monk of congee and rice.Some people also named themselves by their birth age, literary artistic conception, morphological features, and even surprising words.This is the year when Zhao Meng went up to go up to this high schoolSo far, it is known that the names of ancient people are made up of “xing, Shi, Ming, zi, hao” and so on.But modern people’s name composition is much simplified, only “surname, first name”.It is unclear how Chinese names will change in the future.Calligraphy interpretation: saint impermanence heart, to the heart of the people (Li Xianghua) Ancient China attaches great importance to the name of people.Under the influence of Confucius’ idea of “correcting names”, people regarded naming their offspring as sacred, even mysterious.Since the Zhou Dynasty, naming has been incorporated into the rites and formed a system.So sometimes because of the name, it can have a big impact on people.Some names, because the emperor or high officials liked them, were treated differently from others.And some names are treated unfairly because they are considered unlucky.Among the traditional cultural schools, Confucianism has the deepest and most extensive influence on the Chinese people.Therefore, Chinese names are closely related to Confucianism.From the Analects of Confucius, such as MAO Zedong’s daughters Li Min and Li Ner, from the Analects of Confucius, li Ren “slow in speech but quick in action”.Li Zongren, styled delin, is taken from the Analects of Confucius. “If virtue is not solitary, there must be neighbors.”Anti-japanese general Sun Liren, modern historian Sun Dandan, from “The Analects of Confucius · Yongye”, “a benevolent man, he wants to establish others, he wants to achieve and master”.From “book of Songs” name, such as Zhang Wentian, from “Book of Songs · Xiaoya · Heming” “Heming in nine gao, sound in the sky.”Qian Qichen, from “The Book of Songs · Lu Song · Pan water” “Jing Huai Yi, to offer its money.”What kind of name people choose is also a kind of cultural choice, so we can check the influence of various cultures.When Chinese people give their names, they often use some methods to distinguish the different generations of the same family.For example, one character in the name indicates the rank of the generation and another character indicates the meaning of the name.Others use the same side of the name to indicate the same generation.In ancient China, due to the influence of patriarchal system, there was a taboo system in the use of names.Pay attention to “for the relatives taboo, taboo for the sage, taboo for the respected”.Alias phenomenon, such as milk name, small print and so on the use rate is not low.In China, a child is usually named by the father three months after birth.But in fact, there are also names for the full moon, for the first year of life, and for giving your name before you’re born.Before “daiming” will use the name (or child name, child name, child name) address.But some people have names that persist throughout childhood and even into adulthood.There are also some families because of the low level of education, has not been given a name for the child, so the child grew up as a name.When I was a child’s name is “奀 son”, according to the elders explained that this is called “anti-meaning” name, afraid of the future child body thin, hope to be tall and fierce in the future, deliberately called this can have a counter-effect.My old mother still calls me by my breast name.It seems that this name has the “effect” of the original intention.In ancient times, due to various reasons, some women did not get their names, or did not use their names in public and remained unknown. When it was necessary to record their full names, they used their baby names or small characters as names. For example, the name of Yang Guifei was not recorded, but her small characters were Yuhuan, so people wrote her name as Yang Yuhuan.A nickname is a variation of a name.There are two types of nicknames: those given to babies by biological parents;One is the name that other people give to others, which is a nickname, or “hua Ming” in Cantonese.Birth parents often refer to babies or children as just one word in their names.They may also be preceded by the word “small” or “a”.Nicknames can sometimes be derogatory. For example, people with larger heads are called “big Heads”.A nickname can consist of the customary name of one character in a given name. For example, if it has the Chinese character Ming, a Cantonese might call it Big Head Ming.Nicknames are rarely used in formal situations.Due to China’s large population, fewer characters, cultural convergence, fashion and genealogy restrictions, the phenomenon of the same name is more prominent.According to statistics, there are about 400,000 people on the Chinese mainland with the name “Guoqing” and more than 960,000 with the name “Jianguo”.It is said that in 2010, a shopkeeper in Sichuan named Andy Lau was asked to cancel his registration by the entertainer of the same name, Andy Lau, for using his own name as a trademark.In 2007, there were 16,000 people named Andy Lau in China.In general, Chinese name culture has a long history, complex composition, exquisite use, rich connotation, great change.