10 Wars that Changed Chinese History: Each war influenced the history of the next thousand years
In trumps of ancient Chinese history, China’s war history is definitely an important brushstroke, because summits of many wars that change history are the purpose of our obsession with history. We all imagine that trumps other summits and summits of advisors will follow suit in a professional career.What’s more, the war that changed Chinese history makes our blood boil and also conforms to the trend of each history. Changing history is definitely a topic that makes us most interested in. Then let’s take a look at the ten far-reaching wars in ancient Chinese history.Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, the first hundred years of entanglement is the famous Red Cliff war, this war was written into the novel romance, we have a look at its real history of what is the face?In 208, Sun Quan and Liu Bei combined to defeat Cao Cao’s army at Chibi on the Yangtze River, which laid the foundation for The Three Kingdoms.However, Cao Cao, who had the best hope of a unified China, was firmly trapped by the situation of a three-way confrontation and could not develop further. After this war, Cao Cao had to concentrate on managing the north, while Sun Quan had a firm foothold in the east of the River and Liu Bei seized Yizhou.The unification of the whole country was delayed for several hundred years at least, but the one who completed it was not the Cao family, but the Sima family, which led to many troubles in the late Western Jin Dynasty, which was also the beginning of the war.The second battle was the Battle of Feishui, which was very similar to the Battle of Feishui. China was divided for nearly 400 years. During this period, only the Western Jin dynasty achieved a very brief unification, and the battle that came closest to unification was actually the battle of Chibi and Feishui.The former Qin’s Fujian had already conquered the Central Plains and the nomads in the west and the north, except for the Eastern Jin in the south. At that time, Fujian made serious mistakes in the war strategy, which ultimately led to the defeat of the grand army.The north fell into a darker and more chaotic state, while the South largely survived, and the unification of the North and the South was again indefinitely postponed.The third war was the Rebellion of Hou Jing. In 584, the rebel general Hou Jing of the Eastern Wei dynasty rebelled in the south of the country. Hou Jing fell ill and starved all the emperors of the Southern Dynasty to death.However, I did not expect that Hou Jing accelerated the development of Chinese society in the long run, completely broke the balance between the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and enabled the Yu Wen family to have the conditions to unify China, and killed a large number of powerful families.The history of the Sui and Tang dynasties, regrettably regret and the fourth war is the late emperor Yangdi’s three expeditions to Goryeo, Emperor Yangdi due to the great success, eager for quick success and instant benefit, launched three large-scale north expeditions to Goryeo, but ended in failure, finally, emperor Yangdi’s three expeditions to Goryeo consequences, is to lead to the demise of the country.From the rule of the emperor into a chaotic copy of the mode, directly buried his father a large good form, if the Sui dynasty is not so quickly perish, so, whether the Tang Dynasty will appear?We don’t know.The fifth war was the famous An Shi Rebellion, which completely announced the collapse of the Tang Dynasty’s vassal system and the beginning of the Han dynasty’s transition from extreme prosperity to extreme decline. The rebellion lasted for eight years because of the wrong command of Tang Xuanzong.In the end, Emperor Su Zong ascended the throne in Sichuan and regained power. He quickly relied on generals like Guo Ziyi to put down the rebellion. In the process, China’s economy completely shifted southward, while the north was always dependent on the south for financial support.Later, the song Dynasty’s policy of emphasizing civil and military restraint also made us unable to conquer the 16 yanyun states as a barrier. As a result, the whole northern nomads were so strong that they could make us eat, and even established their own dynasties.Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties have a long history. The sixth famous battle was the Battle of Quarry. In 1161, Yu Yongwen, a civil minister of the Southern Song Dynasty, paid homage to the army of Wanyan Liang of the Jin Dynasty at Quarry, which laid the foundation for the confrontation between Song and Jin.He held the upper hand and threatened the southern Song, but his 600,000-strong army was completely defeated in the battle of Quarries, which prevented him from going south to destroy the Han dynasty, and the Southern Song remained isolated for more than 100 years.The seventh war that changed The history of China was genghis Khan’s Westward campaign of Mongolia. After he unified Mongolia and defeated the Western Liao, Genghis Khan destroyed the Jin Dynasty and the Western Xia in succession and finally attempted to enter the Central Plains.But at this time, Genghis Khan changed his strategy, leading the Mongolian cavalry to the West, which was beaten into a pool of mud, and finally formed the four Korea and changed the development trend of the whole world.It also put Russia’s eyes on the eastern territory, and finally had a very strong aggressive attitude towards China’s territory. Therefore, Mongolia’s westward expedition did not have a great impact on China, and even had a negative impact.The eighth battle was the famous Jingnan Battle. In the early Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang conferred the vassal Kings wantonly, but after Zhu Biao died, there was no new crown prince, but his grandson Zhu Yunwen succeeded to the throne.History called Emperor Jianwen and the battle, Zhu Di played this battle, is the whole political center in the north, there is the emperor guarding the country, the king died of the beautiful talk, but if Zhu Di was judged, the capital is Nanjing.It was quite possible that the Ming dynasty would be hastened to collapse and become as isolated a dynasty as the Southern Song, but the emergence of Beijing was the saving grace of the Ming dynasty, making it the longest dynasty to unify the Central Plains.The ninth battle was the Battle of Sarhu. In this battle, if the Ming dynasty had won, the Later Jin would have been completely destroyed and the Qing dynasty would have ceased to exist, but Nurhachi’s military genius wiped out the Ming army.This famous Salhu war, also became the Ming Dynasty fell the first straw, for the future city buried endless hidden trouble.The Hundred Years’ War between the Qing Dynasty and The Zhungar was a great headache for the Rulers of the Qing Dynasty. In 100 years, the two empires fought many wars on the Inner Mongolia plateau and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau respectively.In a hundred years of see-saw, during the Reign of Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Qianlong, the zungars, who had finally been pacified, were completely wiped out, and Russia could no longer dictate the vast northern territory of China or take advantage of Xinjiang.This war greatly safeguarded the security and standards of China’s territory and laid a solid foundation for the territory of later generations, which also made the determination of China’s territory of 9.6 million square kilometers have a rudimentary form at the beginning.This also tells us that the Chinese nation is not a warlike nation, but we are always the most courageous forward nation in the face of war.The expansion of these territories is the best indication of our national confidence.